Description of the Physical and Chemical Properties of the Reactants- Part Two- Nitric Acid

Nitric Acid- Physical Properties:

– a colourless liquid (but commercial nitric acid is yellowish brown in colour)

– suffocating smell

–  has an acidic taste

– density – 1.54g/cm³ of 98% nitric acid.

– density- commericial nitric acid of 68% is 1.42g/cm³.

– boiling point-  86 degree centigrade

– melting point -42 degree centigrade

– soluble in water in all proporations

– highly corrosive

Chemical Properties:

a strong oxidizing agent

– highly explosive with sodium, potassium and calcium

– is unstable to heat or sunlight

– changes color when reacting with metals


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